Wednesday, 16 July 2014

Indus Valley Civilization (सिन्धु घाटी सभ्यता) - A Pride of India

Indus Valley Civilization (सिन्धु घाटी सभ्यता) - A Pride of India

Since I am studying history now a days, I thought of writing a blog post on Indus Valley Civilization. I thought everyone should know the fact that India had a great civilization 4500 years back and how our great ancestors lived in that era. It is one of the oldest civilizations of the world. 

Many people call People of Indus Valley Civilization (our ancestors) “The masters of the river”. Because they lived on the banks of the river Indus. In that era people were rich and had good economic system. They were educated and had a writing system. The Indus Valley Civilization was discovered and excavated in 1920’s. It is really a thing to be proud of, that people of that era were educated and exported many of the goods produced within the country to other countries. Many seals were found in the excavations of the sites of Indus Valley Civilizations.
There is a hymn in the rig veda which tell us the secret decay of Indus Valley Civilizations. In that hymn one word Haryupiyah is mentioned which is vey much similar to the word Harappa of Indus Valley Civilization. The hymn says “In aid of Abhyavartin Cayamana, Indra destroyed the seed of Varasikha. At Hariyupiyah, he smote the vanguard of the Vrcivans, and the rear fled frightened”. The Hymn can be found in Rig Veda (Chapter XXVII, Section 5). (See note 1 in references.)
Mohenjodaro & Harappa
Mohenjodaro is situated in the north of Karachi, in Pakistan. It is one of the major centers of Indus Valley Civilization. The Great Bath, great granary, naked bronze dancing girl, bearded man etc. was discovered here.  
Harappa is situated in the Punjab province of Pakistan. It is also one of the major centers of Indus Valley Civilization. Stone dancing Natraja, urn burial, person wearing dhoti etc found here.
There were other major centers of Indus Valley Civilization  discovered which are Kalibangan, Lothal, Dholavira, Rakhigarhi, Daimabad, Ganeriwala, Chanudarho, Sutkagendor.
PM MODI ji's View
In a video of I saw yesterday on youtube. Our PM of India Mr. Modi ji said something great about Indus valley civilization. Although the video was an old one uploaded in 2011. In the video he said that now a days people talk about olympic games, talk about big playgrounds but they may not have seen the playground of our ancestors from the Indus Valley Civilization in Dholavira situated in kutch (Gujrat) nearly 5000 years back. He further said that a signboard also found in Dholavira that shows it must be big town and there must be foreigners visiting place that is why people used signboards to help people know the correct path. He said everything that we found there tells us the great power and knowledge of our ancestors.
Decay of Indus Valley Civilization
It is a topic of debate because nobody knows how Indus Valley Civilization disappeared. Some say because of the climate or weather conditions, some say Aryans invaded the Indus Valley Civilization and some say that some sites were abandoned and literacy, seals and sealing and urban phase was lost but many smaller sites continued.
If you want to know more about Indus Valley Civilization in detail then I must suggest you that you should buy some books on Indian History. The name of the book I have is “The Pearson General Studies Paper I for civil services preliminary exam”. As I am also studying Indian History I was so amazed to know these facts about India, I could not stop myself to share something for which we should be proud of. I hope I wrote everything clear and in easy to understand form. Thanks.. :) 

References :-
Note 1. The hymn was taken from the book “The Pearson General Studies Paper I for civil services preliminary exam”.

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